The Process

Nature. Chemistry. Medicine. Developing a new drug is a long and challenging process. As a citizen scientist, it all starts with you and a scoop of dirt.

The Natural Products Discovery Group (NPDG) at the University of Oklahoma is composed of a team of scientists including principal investigator, Dr. Robert Cichewicz, research scientists, post-doctoral fellows, students, and staff. Visit our Meet the Team page to learn more about the NPDG members dedicated to the Citizen Science Soil Collection Program.

When your soil sample arrives, it is brought to our interactive laboratory called the Chemical Zoo for processing. The fungi are cultured and prepared for extracting their natural products. The natural products are tested against a range of disease targets including different types of cancers, infectious bacteria, and parasites.

To explore this process further, please hover your cursor over the images for more details.

Did you find what you were looking for? If not, be sure to visit our Frequently Asked Questions page, which contains many of the important questions that were sent to us by citizen scientists like yourself.

The Research

Transforming the Chemistry of Nature

Every day the Natural Products Discovery Group is working towards finding creative solutions that transform the chemistry of nature into products that improve lives. Many of these discoveries begin with a soil sample sent in by a citizen scientist.

National Cancer Institute

In 2015, the Natural Products Discovery Group began a partnership with the National Cancer Institute (NCI) to compliment and support the scientific component of the Citizen Science Soil Collection Program. This partnership is providing the NCI with a collection of fungal isolates, which will become a critical core asset of the Institute’s microbial natural products discovery collection. All of the unique fungal isolates that are obtained from the Citizen Science Soil Collection Program will become part of what is designed to become the world’s first open repository of fungi and fungal extracts. This repository will be accessible to researchers across the United States for drug discovery purposes. 

View a few highlighted discoveries below and check back here for updates! Want to know more? Explore additional Natural Products Discovery Group publications

Salcha AK sample

Salcha, Alaska

A soil sample sent in from a citizen scientist in Salcha, Alaska has become one of the Natural Products Discovery Group’s most interesting samples to date. A new species of fungus, Tolypocladium sp., was isolated from a sample collected in the participant’s backyard. This particular strain of fungus produced the new compound maximiscin.

What is so special about this natural product? Maximiscin has been found to specifically block the growth of certain types of cancer cells. Specifically, maximiscin shows promise as an inhibitor of certain types of melanoma (a type of skin cancer) and breast cancer cells.

You can explore this research further in a paper published in Angewandte Chemie International Edition in 2014 (Crowdsourcing Natural Products Discovery to Access Uncharted Dimensions of Fungal Metabolite Diversity), as well as in follow-up studies published in 2016 in the Journal of Natural Products (Maximiscin Induces DNA Damage, Activates DNA Damage Response Pathways, and Has Selective Cytotoxic Activity against a Subtype of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer).

 

Did you find what you were looking for? If not, be sure to visit our Frequently Asked Questions page, which contains many of the important questions that were sent to us by citizen scientists like yourself.